Early Years and Foundation Stage
The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) sets standards for the learning, development and care of children from birth to 5 years old. All schools and Ofsted-registered early years providers must follow the EYFS, including childminders, preschools, nurseries and school reception classes.
The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework supports an integrated approach to early learning and care. It gives all those involved at this level a set of common principles and commitments to deliver quality early education and childcare experiences to all children.
The Early Years and Foundation Stage (EYFS) Framework also ensures parents and carers can be confident that regardless of where they choose for their child’s early education, the same statutory commitments and principles will underpin their child’s learning and development experience.
Children start primary school either in the year or the term in which they reach five depending upon the policy of the Local Education Authority. The primary school years, normally ages 4 to 11, are split into Foundation Stage (Reception) and Key Stages 1 and 2.
Early Years Foundation Stage
Areas of learning and their associated Early Learning Goals
|Communication and language||Speak and listen and develop confidence and skills in expressing|
|ELG 01||Listen, respond and attention|
|ELG 02||Understand, follow instructions and answer questions|
|ELG 03||Speak, express effectively and talk about events|
|Physical development||Active, interactive, develop co-ordination, control, and movement, understand the importance of physical activity, and make healthy choices in food|
|ELG 04||Move and handle equipment and tools|
|ELG 05||Health the importance for good health and a healthy diet, basic hygiene and personal needs|
|Personal, social and emotional development||Develop social skills, learn to manage feelings and have confidence in own abilities|
|ELG 06||Self-confidence and self-awareness, confident to speak in a familiar group, ask for help when they need it|
|ELG 07||Manage feelings and behaviour, know that some behaviour is unacceptable, work as part of a group, understand and follow rules, adjust behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride|
|ELG 08||Make relationships, play cooperatively, taking turns with others, show sensitivity to others needs and feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children|
|Literacy development||Encourage children to read and write, access a wide range of reading materials|
|ELG 09||Reading - read and understand simple sentences, use phonic knowledge recognise regular words and read them aloud accurately.|
|ELG 10||Writing - use phonic knowledge to write words, write simple sentences, spell some words correctly|
|Mathematics development||Practise and improve counting numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems, and describe shapes, spaces, and measures|
|ELG 11||Numbers count from one to 20, say which number is one more or one less than a given number, use quantities to add and subtract two single-digit numbers, solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing|
|ELG 12||Shape, space and measures use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems|
|Understanding of the world||Make sense of the physical world and the community, explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment|
|ELG 13||People and communities, past and present events, similarities and differences between people and among families, communities and traditions|
|ELG 14||The world similarities and differences in places, objects, materials and living things|
|Expressive arts and design||Explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, share thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role play, and design and technology|
|ELG 16||Explore and use media and materials|
|ELG 17||Be imaginative|
Early Years and Foundation Stage Framework 2014
The Early Years and Foundation Stage framework has been updated in accordance with ‘The Regulation of Childcare’ published in March 2014 and comes into effect from 1 September 2014.
There have been no changes to the areas of learning and development, including the early learning goals. The revisions reflect changes which apply to Section 3 on Safeguarding and Welfare.